Keflavik International airport is situated on the southwest part of the Reykjanes peninsula. Still, most of visitors drive straight to the city without experiencing the beautiful magic scenery of the youngest part of Iceland. This is very interesting place seen from a geological point. The landscape is rough and a bit alien looking. Not much grass, but mostly lava field covered with moss. In fact, everywhere you look, no matter in what direction, lava fields stretch to the horizon. What we will find here are lot of high geothermal activity, Fissures, lava cracks, tectonic faults, volcanic craters, bubbling geysers, geothermal mud pools, lava fields, caves
The Peninsula is perhaps one of the most underrated places in Iceland. Since November 2015, this area at Reykjanes Peninsula is known as UNESCO Global Geopark 829 km2
The most famous attraction in this area is the Blue Lagoon. But today we should add the current volcanic eruptions which started on the 19th of March when a fissure opened following frequent earthquakes the weeks before. The last eruption took place in the peninsula some 800 years ago. Initially scientists predicted that the eruption would erupt for days and perhaps few weeks, but it is still active and massive magma is still pouring out of one of the volcanic cones. Now scientists are predicting that it may last long time and create a shield volcano mountain. There is a unique opportunity to see where the Atlantic Ridge rises above sea level displaying various forms of volcanic activity which has shaped this peninsula. You will be able to see the boundaries between Europe and America, where the ocean plates drift away from each other. You literally can walk over a bridge, between the tectonic plates dividing Europe from North America.
By the sea, there are many places with amazing rock formation astonishing cliffs, most of them dark grey. Additionally, you may see some colonies of sea birds, black sand and beaches.
A visit to the “High temperature” Geothermal areas, the famous hot spring “Gunnuhver”, Lighthouse if very popular. High geothermal areas have several characters. The main features are diversity on colors. The clay gives a brown and white color, the fool’s gold seems dark grey, the Sulphur has a beautiful yellow texture, and the copper amalgamation are blue green. Fumaroles are common on the peninsula, and they sometimes erupt with blue grey clay splatters.
The high temperature geothermal energy resources is harvested in the peninsula both by producing electricity around 175 MW and for district heating of all houses on the peninsula. Interesting development which started in the eighties utilizing the renewable and environment friendly energy.